A History of Institutional Reforms (1948-2015)

By Carlo Fusaro


This article describes seventy years of attempts to repair the errors of the founding fathers, in particular in relation to the design of Part Two of the Constitution. The Author points out that the flawed design of the bicameral Parliament and the weakness of the Cabinet were known from the beginning, as they were meant to avoid any concentration of power for fear of what could happen if the opponent won the elections. This article focuses on the political, institutional and academic efforts to cope with these issues; it reports the countless but almost useless parliamentary projects which have followed one another; it stresses how the solutions the Italian Parliament finally appears to adopt are basically the same that have been proposed for the past four decades. In the final paragraph, an attempt is made to draw some lessons.