Fascicolo N.3 del 2012 luglio / settembre
Lo giustizia costituzionale in Italia: lo stato presente
Judges of lower courts refer cases to the Italian Constitutional Court in an ever-declining measure, but the latter, in the last five years, has assumed a more activist role. The Constitution enjoys wide and strong support in public opinion, but Italian politicians are quick to criticize the Court. As there is no room for dissenting opinions, the Court’s work is not transparent.
Il Tribunale Arbitrale dello Sport
This paper seeks to examine the structure and functions of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), so as to highlight, more generally, a number of problems concerning judicial activities at the global level. Section 1 outlines the CAS’ organization and functions, from its inception to the present day. Section 2 focuses on the role of the CAS in creating a lex sportiva, taking into account three different functions: the development of common legal principles; the interpretation of global norms and its influence on sports lawmaking; and the harmonization of global sports law. Section 3 considers the relationships between the CAS and public authorities (both public administrations and domestic courts) to verify the extent to which the CAS and its judicial system are self-contained and autonomous from States. Lastly, Section 4 addresses the importance of creating bodies like the CAS in the global arena, and identifies the main challenges raised by this form of transnational judicial activity. Indeed, the analysis of the CAS and its role as «law-maker» allows us to shed light on broader global governance trends, that affect areas such as the institutional design of global regimes, and, more specifically, the separation of powers and the emergence of judicial activities.
«Fondata sul lavoro». Origini, significato, attualità della scelta dei costituenti
This article analyzes the expression «founded on labor» contained in Article 1 of the Italian Constitution, focusing on its origin in the Constituent Assembly; on its meaning, within a systematic interpretation of the constitutional text; and on its legal status and effectiveness, especially in light of the recent attempts to challenge it, with a view to change or delegitimize it.
More specifically, the piece highlights how this formulation cannot be read as a mere synonym of the «Social State»: rather, it provides the core of post-Second World War constitutionalism, for which the main problem was the reconstruction of the foundations of social coexistence, devastated by the war and the annihilation of the human being by totalitarian regimes, rather than the simple integration of the working class into the State.
Bearing in mind Mortati’s legacy, the article stresses how the deeper meaning of the formulation «Democratic Republic founded on labor» must be sought in the linkage, within the Italian constitutional system, between the central roles of both the human being and labor, which lays at the junction between the personalistic and the solidaristic principles.
Umberto G. Zingales
Cronache costituzionali 2009-2010
The Constitutional Chronicles 2009-2010 provide a brief review of the main constitutional events ocurring in that period. Among these are especially: the changes in the composition of the Berlusconi government and its relations with the parliamentary majority, political and institutional conflicts, the role of the President of the Republic, legislative activity and institutional reforms, the relationship between the State and the Regions and the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.
Matteo Gnes e Edoardo Chiti
Cronache europee 2011
The 2011 European Chronicles open with a short summary of the major events of the year, such as the adoption of the so-called “six pack”, the start of the European semester, the approval of the new “Euro Plus” Pact, the creation of the European Stability Mechanism – ESM. Thereafter, the European Chronicles discuss the most relevant institutional changes, the relationships between citizens and EU institutions, the main evolutions in the economic and monetary union. They illustrate the recent developments in EU regulatory functions (internal market, electronic communications, competition, State aids, social policy, health and consumer protection, environmental protection) and distributive functions (common agriculture policy, research and technology, education and culture), and in the EU financial programming and budget. The Chronicles end with the analysis of the developments in the area of freedom, security and justice, in the external relations of the EU and in the field of the common foreign and security policy.
Antonio CASSESE (ed.), Realizing Utopia: The Future of International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2012 (recensione di Lorenzo Casini)
Enzo CHELI, Nata per unire. La Costituzione italiana tra storia e politica, Bologna, il Mulino 2012 (recensione di Marta Cartabia)
Giulio VESPERINI, Il vincolo europeo sui diritti amministrativi nazionali, Milano,
Giuffrè, 2011 (recensione di Mario P. Chiti)
Vincenzo CERULLI IRELLI, Amministrazione pubblica e diritto privato, Torino, Giappichelli, 2012 (rencesione di Giulio Napolitano)
Dario BEVILACQUA, La sicurezza alimentare negli ordinamenti giuridici ultrastatali,
Milano, Giuffrè, 2012 (recensione di Ferdinando Albisinni)
Clifford WINSTON, Robert W. CRANDALL, Vikram MAHESHRI, First Thing We Do, Let’s Deregulate All the Lawyers, Washington D.C., Brookings Institution Press, 2011 (recensione di Mario Libertini)
La prima decisione della Corte penale internazionale (Mariangela Benedetti)
Le istituzioni condizionano la prosperità delle Nazioni (Sabino Cassese)
L’Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law (Sabino Cassese)
La decisione della Corte Suprema degli Stati Uniti sulla riforma sanitaria (Martina Conticelli)
Un seminario sulla class action nell’esperienza statunitense (Bernardo Giorgio Mattarella)
Un convegno su pubblico e privato nel diritto amministrativo (Fulvio Cortese e Anna Simonati)
Un incontro sulle regole anti-corruzione (Eleonora Cavalieri)
I rapporti dell’IRPA sulle esternalizzazioni nelle pubbliche amministrazioni (Lorenzo Carbonara)