GAL Glossary

Administrative international law (or institutions) to mean the law relating to the

relationships between a State’s domestic administration, its nationals abroad and foreigners living or working in it.

Global administrative space, a regulatory space that transcends international law and domestic administrative law, distinct from the inter-State relations.

Global administrative law: the structures, procedures and normative standards for regulatory decision-making including transparency, participation, and review, and the rule-governed mechanisms for implementing these standards, that are applicable to formal intergovernmental regulatory bodies; to informal intergovernmental regulatory networks, to regulatory decisions of national governments where these are part of or constrained by an international intergovernmental regime; and to hybrid public-private or private transnational bodies. The focus of this field is not the specific content of substantive rules, but rather the operation of existing or possible principles, procedural rules and reviewing and other mechanisms relating to accountability, transparency, participation, and assurance of legality in global governance.

Global law (or institutions) to mean a higher level of autonomous law related to

international organizations (but the French prefer the word «mondialisation» and some authors prefer to talk of «cosmopolitan law»).

International administrative law (or international institutional law) to mean the law relating to an international administration or organization (for example, rules, procedures and institutions by which international organizations deal with employment disputes).

NGO and non-state actors: while the terms “NGO”, “private organization” and

“independent sector” are generally synonymous, “non-state actor” tries to embrace civil society, private persons, business enterprises, and pressure groups, at the international, regional, sub-regional, or even local and grassroot levels.

Post-national governance, instead of global governance, because most international institutions are far from being global (for example, the United Nations excludes Taiwan, and not all the members of the United Nations (191) are members of the World Trade Organization (there are 148)).

Private administrative law, to mean law’s recognition of private governance at the global level (for instance, public enforcement of standards established by private standard-setting bodies)

Regional institutions, to mean organizations that are not world-wide, but cover a region like Europe, North America, South America, South East Asia.

Supranational law (or institutions) to mean the law of an organization standing above the States, like the European Union.

Transgovernmental networks, to mean networks of national regulators Transnational relations, to mean the cross-border interactions involving non-state actors – multinational corporations, INGOs, epistemic communities and advocacy networks.